What is engineering? | Q & A

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Nisar Kasai
Nisar Kasai Apr 30
I General Idea about Engineering and I want to know the details about this term as well as its history and how its evolving?
Nisarg Desai
Nisarg Desai May 1
From this site it self you may find the basic that Word Definition:

There is no actual official documentation where word `engineering` came from but most of people believe its came from the Latin word `Ingenium` that means `cleverness` and `Ingeinare` , means "To design or devise". Some also state that its came from word `Engine` means something that transform one form of energy to one or other form energy that make job/task easier.

So Generalised definition of engineering is quest of solving problems by using science,logic and mathematics as a tool. and so engineer is the one who do engineering as a part of fulfilling his duties.


One of the earliest engineering challenges was likely the construction of shelters and structures for protection against the elements. Early humans used engineering principles to build shelters using natural materials such as branches, leaves, and animal hides. These structures provided protection from weather, predators, and other environmental threats, marking the beginning of engineering as a practical problem-solving discipline.

so its been like its started with simple solutions for animals to survive.

  1. Ancient Civilizations: Engineering traces back to ancient civilizations like Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome, where people built structures, roads, and irrigation systems.

  2. Medieval and Renaissance Period: During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, engineering advanced with developments in architecture, mathematics, and technology. This period saw the construction of cathedrals, bridges, and fortifications.

  3. Industrial Revolution: The 18th and 19th centuries marked the Industrial Revolution, a period of rapid technological advancement. Mechanical engineering emerged as a distinct discipline, and there were significant developments in civil, electrical, and chemical engineering.

  4. 20th Century: The 20th century saw further specialisation in engineering disciplines, including aerospace, nuclear, and computer engineering. Engineering played a crucial role in technological advancements such as space exploration, telecommunications, and the internet.

  5. 21st Century: In the 21st century, engineering continues to evolve rapidly, with advancements in fields such as renewable energy, biotechnology, artificial intelligence, and nanotechnology shaping the future of the discipline. Today, engineering is essential for addressing global challenges and improving the quality of life worldwide.