What are the key inventions that define this engineering era or ages? | Q & A

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Nisar Kasai
Nisar Kasai May 1

I know that everything get evolve more once any specific thing get breakthrough  boundaries and get adapted by mass of the populations.

I am curious in case of what are those key inventions that define the ages or era  of overall engineering history.

Nisarg Desai
Nisarg Desai May 1

Ancient Civilizations:

  • Wheel
  • Writing systems (cuneiform, hieroglyphics)
  • Irrigation systems
  • Aqueducts
  • Arch and dome construction

Medieval and Renaissance Period:

  • Printing press
  • Compass
  • Gunpowder
  • Waterwheel
  • Windmill

Industrial Revolution (18th and 19th centuries):

  • Steam engine
  • Spinning jenny
  • Power loom
  • Telegraph
  • Bessemer process for steel production

20th Century:

  • Automobile
  • Airplane
  • Radio and television
  • Telephone
  • Computer and internet

21st Century:

  • Smartphone
  • Social media
  • Renewable energy technologies (solar, wind, hydro)
  • Advanced robotics
  • Biotechnology and genetic engineering

These inventions were pivotal in shaping the course of human history and laid the groundwork for future engineering advancements.

Of course not all of above are inventions but some of them are representing series of inventions but listing them as an single invention will make this answer way beyond longer. so .... 

The Forum post is edited by Nisarg Desai May 1